to treat oneself with kindness and compassion rather than being critical or harsh controllability, mediate the relationship between self- compassion and . seems to me that everything is going downhill, I think that everyone has such. This study has the main goal of analysing the mediating role of cognitive appraisal in the relation between occupational stress and burnout. Understand the role of cognition and physiology in coping with stress. Understand the relationships and interactions between health, stress, and coping . Gradually, other researchers expanded the thinking on stress to include and involve . implies a more specific process of cognitive appraisal to determine whether an.
In this theory, an intuitive-experiential and an analytical-rational thinking style are contrasted, with an adaptation of the NFC scale Cacioppo and Petty, being used to assess individual differences in the latter. Evidence from this line of research suggests that individuals high in NFC are more constructive in thinking, avoid negative overgeneralization as well as unrealistic optimism, and take effective action to solve problems Epstein et al. This evidence on NFC-specific coping styles when facing life challenges is underscored by the results of a more recent study on the role of NFC in coping with the transition to retirement: Bye and Pushkar demonstrated that higher NFC predicted higher positive affect, an effect that was mediated by problem-focused coping and the frequency of cognitive activity.
With the present research, we followed up on this result using a dataset obtained within the context of a larger project on molecular genetic and environmental influences on personality traits Anacker et al. We examined this dataset with respect to the role of positive and negative life events in the modulation of traits pertaining to positive and negative affect, or emotionality, being defined by higher-order traits such as Extraversion and Neuroticism Costa and McCrae,and Positive and Negative Affect Watson et al.
Recent evidence has shown that personality traits can be both the antecedent and the consequence of the experience of major life events e. Here, we adopted the latter perspective that had also been taken by Bye and Pushkar and examined the impact of positive and negative life events on positive emotionality PE and negative emotionality NE and a possible mediation via NFC.
Based on the previous evidence outlined above, we hypothesized NFC to mediate between life events and individual differences in traits pertaining to PE and NE. To this end, we examined the impact of the number of self-reported positive and negative life events encountered so far on PE and NE both directly and via possible mediating effects of NFC.
Based on this project, we already published results Anacker et al. The sample comprised only participants that had not been diagnosed before for any psychiatric disorder as assessed using the M. International Neuropsychiatric Interview Sheehan et al. They received a letter with the study description and an invitation to take part in our study. Interested individuals were screened via telephone interviews for a number of inclusion criteria among them age range 18—60 years, middle European ancestry, German as mother tongue, not taking medication likely to impact on the central nervous system, modest consumption of legal or illegal drugs, and not having received psychotherapy or having been diagnosed for relevant neuropsychiatric conditions within the past 3 years.
After giving informed consent ahead of the assessment, they filled in several biographical assessment sheets as well as personality questionnaires, of which those related to the broad personality traits positive and NE and to NFC were used in the present study see section Measures. Other questionnaires related more specifically to anxiety and depression were not used for the sake of succinctness and the balance of traits pertaining to PE and NE.
A few months later, all participants were again invited to fill in another online questionnaire that was designed to assess both positive and negative life events see section Measures.
Also, the present sample had lower NEO Neuroticism scores t No differences emerged for NEO Extraversion, neither for the mean scores t Thus, the present sample differed in some key variables from the larger sample: All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
The protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the DGPs reference number: Measures As core constituent variables of the broader constructs NE and PE, we used the following measures: The number and evaluation of positive and negative life events was measured using a item self-report questionnaire based on the Munich Event List Wittchen et al. Crucially, in this context, participants were also asked to consider the positive impact of objectively negative life events and vice versa.
Conflict of Interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Footnotes 1At the time of Bryant et al. The observed mediation in the current analysis reflects the implications of new conceptual understanding and practical applications of mediation testing Hayes Contributor Information Alicia A.
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