The three branches of government are Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary. The legislative branch is tasked with writing, amending, and repealing laws. the three arms of government in Nigeria. practice of dividing the powers of a government among different branches thereof. .. right to freedom of association. The relationship between the three categories of public power-legislative, executive and the judicial. The overlaps that are present with the individuals operating.
The role of each arm of government is clearly spelt under the doctrine of power separation that sought to offer clear guidelines to allow the smooth and effective execution of government affairs. Bernas however claims that there are several government departments within these separate arms of government that have overlapping roles and that one certain issues it is hard to decide which arm the jurisdiction of such a controversial issue falls.
However, it is necessary to note therefore that the functions of these arms of governments must adhere strictly to the constitution raising the question of who should be charged with the responsibility of enforcing those provisions.
The executive arm of the government is fundamentally important to carry out the day to day running of the country. This power is usually vested upon the president and any person that the president deems fit to have power delegated to him.
Federal government of Nigeria - Wikipedia
Therefore, the constitution mandates a duly elected president to appoint such individuals as he may see fit subject to the approval of congress. This paper in essence tries to focus on this relationship whereby a particular of the government is subject to the oversight of another in carrying out its duties.
It therefore becomes necessary for the president to appoint such individuals as qualified to handle their respective duties and such individuals must hold high integrity for them to get the necessary legislative backing. The president enjoys immense powers under the constitution among which includes the responsibility of defending the constitution and protecting the United States from attacks.
Relationship between the three arms of government - wagtailfarm.info
For this purpose it is important that his powers be subject to some form of oversight in order for it not to be misused to the detriment of ordinary Americans. The legislature is a basic necessity in any democratic nation and the United States is a pillar of freedom and hence the United States congress is the custodian of law formulation in the nation. The legislative wing consists of two separate houses expected to ensure effective and just formulation of laws to the benefit of society.
The legislature is also charged with the responsibility of formulation laws regarding tax and authorizing various government expenditures.
Furthermore the senate has complete authority to authorize the signing of treaties involving the nation bringing to the question of whether the executive has any true autonomous powers. It is also important to note at this juncture that it is not only congress that has influence on the executive but also the executive has considerable influence over the legislature. Most committee chairmen are appointed by party leaders, plus the fact the party leader also appoints a majority leader in congress to spear head party agendas in congress.
In this regard the executive has considerable influence on the direction of congress even in ignoring the fact that the president has veto power over bills passed in congress.
The other arm is the judiciary charged with the administration of justice based on equality, equity and integrity. The courts are the grounds through which conflicts are to be resolved and injustices either compensated or punished. In these solemn corridors of justice civil and criminal proceedings are initiated and the process of establishing guilt or innocence cleverly and impartially established.
The court is also charged with the important duty of interpreting the constitution and establishing whether certain statues are constitutional or not. The appointment of judges is however left to the hands of the executive on the confirmation of the legislature. The judiciary is also charged with the duty to protect the rights and freedoms of the American citizens against the exploitation of both the executive and the legislature.
In this regard, the court is mandated to provide guidance and authority to the executive on the application of certain statutes that might infringe on the rights of the citizens. In this regard the court acts as the oversight authority on the excesses of the both the executive and the legislature by putting the interest of the citizens before all else.
The cabinet of the president consists of one member from each state.
The current president of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari. Security chiefs brief President Buhari on state of nation The executive level consists of Federal Ministries. The ministries are responsible for various government-owned corporations. Executive level of government is also responsible for such services as education, healthcare, welfare, and finance.
Federal government of Nigeria
The main function of Vice-President, according to the constitution is to replace the president in case of his retirement, resignation or death. Senate is the upper chamber, it consists of senators. It consists of representatives elected for 4 years term of office.
The primary function of this government arm is lawmaking. The Judiciary The most respectable judicial body among the arms of government is The Judiciary. The main function of the judiacry is interpretation of law and strengthening the rule of law, ensuring compliance with legislation and developing democracy.
The judiciary also performs checks on the power of the executive and the legislature.