'Philosophy and Education are two sides of the same coin' | AUGUSTINA OSEI-KOFI - wagtailfarm.info
educational question is ultimately influenced by our philosophy of life. . Philosophy wants to understand man in relation to the whole universe—nature and God. I am a life-long student in several domains and now a Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Montreal. I have been very fortunate in my choices in that I was. Definition of Education and Philosophy, Relationship between is the basic human need, and essential for a decent living and moral life.
When we define education as the modification or behaviour, the direction in which, modification to be carried out is determined by philosophy. Thus philosophy deals with the end and education with the means.
In fact, we can observe that the great philosophers of all times have been also great educators. For example, Socretes and Plato, the great philosophers, were also famous educators. According to Thomson, every teacher should realize the importance of philosophy in education.
Good philosophy thus would not only imagine the type of society which is needed in the society. It is philosophy which would give to the teachers a sense of adventure. The choice of students must cater to the principles and purposes of philosophy. Choice of curriculum needs philosophers or leaders of thought. With the change of time and circumstances, the curricula also changes and this change can be brought out by philosophers alone Godfrey-Smith, The necessary conditions should be fulfilled so that the child is allowed to go in a free atmosphere with the ultimate aim of becoming a happy and a rightly adjusted person of the society.
The learning process is an active way of doing things; hence the curriculum for the child should concern itself with the realities of life. Bernard put across the explanation that, as far as the methods of teaching are concerned, it can be said that the child is influenced; to give a particular shape to his life by the way he is taught. The philosophy of the teacher is reflected in the child by his method of teaching.
So the course of life of the child is definitely influenced by philosophy. This therefore implies the utility of philosophy is much more experienced in the educational perspective. The Education- philosophy relationship may be further pointed out as given below: According to Alfred Weber "Philosophy is a search for comprehensive view of nature, an attempt at a universal explanation of the nature of things a person who searches into the reason and nature of things, who tries to arrive at a general principle, and who attempts to apply those principles to daily conduct of life, acts like a true philosopher.
Introduction: Philosophy of Education and Philosophy - Oxford Handbooks
According to John Dewey, philosophy is "critical reviewing of just those familiar things. To discover the general truth that lies behind the particular facts, to discern also the reality that lies behind appearances. What is man's origin?
What is man's destiny or goal? These are some of the questions of philosophical enquiry. Different philosophers try to answer these questions according to their own mature reflection and thinking.
These different answers lead to different philosophies.
The Major Branches of Philosophy are: Philosophy influences even the daily life of every individual. Andrew further argues that, an educator not only holds certain beliefs and ideals of life, he also tries to convert his pupils to his own views and his own way of life. The influence of a person, holding a vital belief, brought to bear upon another person with the object of making him also to hold that belief, is education.
Thus education means to lead out, through the modification of the native behavior of the child. In his analysis, Andrew reveals that, Education is a laboratory where philosophic theories and speculations are tested and made concrete.
Education may, therefore, be rightly called applied philosophy. Philosophy is wisdom; education transmits that wisdom from one generation to the other. Philosophy is in reality the theory of education. In other words, education is the dynamic side of philosophy, or application of the fundamental principles of philosophy.
Philosophy formulates the method, education its process. Philosophy gives ideals, values and principles, those ideals, values and principles. A philosopher tries to live in accordance with those aims and values and also wants others to be converted to his beliefs and live according to them. This he can achieve through education which is the best means for the propagation of his philosophy.
Thus philosophy is a major concern of education. There is, in fact, an intimate relationship between philosophy and education which may be described briefly as under. Thompson put forward the following discussions. Firstly, he reiterated that, philosophy points out the way, to be followed by education.
But the problem is in which direction modification should be carried out and what should be the standards and values, to strive for. Philosophy gives ideals, values and principles.
Philosophy of education - Wikipedia
Education works out those ideals, values and principles. Secondly, Thompson added that, education is the best means for the propagation of philosophy.
A philosopher is a constant seeker of truth.
He wrote a number of books that now define much of contemporary democratic education philosophy. Neill believed that the happiness of the child should be the paramount consideration in decisions about the child's upbringing, and that this happiness grew from a sense of personal freedom.
He felt that deprivation of this sense of freedom during childhood, and the consequent unhappiness experienced by the repressed child, was responsible for many of the psychological disorders of adulthood.
Educational progressivism Educational progressivism is the belief that education must be based on the principle that humans are social animals who learn best in real-life activities with other people.
Progressivistslike proponents of most educational theories, claim to rely on the best available scientific theories of learning. Most progressive educators believe that children learn as if they were scientists, following a process similar to John Dewey's model of learning known as "the pattern of inquiry": The two most influential works that stemmed from his research and study were The Child and the Curriculum and Democracy and Education We get the case of the child vs.
His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called " genetic epistemology ".
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION
Piaget placed great importance on the education of children. As the Director of the International Bureau of Education, he declared in that "only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.What is PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION? What does PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION mean?
According to Ernst von GlasersfeldJean Piaget is "the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing. His books The Process of Education and Toward a Theory of Instruction are landmarks in conceptualizing learning and curriculum development. He argued that any subject can be taught in some intellectually honest form to any child at any stage of development.
This notion was an underpinning for his concept of the " spiral " helical curriculum which posited the idea that a curriculum should revisit basic ideas, building on them until the student had grasped the full formal concept. He emphasized intuition as a neglected but essential feature of productive thinking. He felt that interest in the material being learned was the best stimulus for learning rather than external motivation such as grades.
Bruner developed the concept of discovery learning which promoted learning as a process of constructing new ideas based on current or past knowledge. Students are encouraged to discover facts and relationships and continually build on what they already know. Unschooling Unschooling is a range of educational philosophies and practices centered on allowing children to learn through their natural life experiences, including child directed playgame play, household responsibilities, work experience, and social interactionrather than through a more traditional school curriculum.
Unschooling encourages exploration of activities led by the children themselves, facilitated by the adults. Unschooling differs from conventional schooling principally in the thesis that standard curricula and conventional grading methods, as well as other features of traditional schooling, are counterproductive to the goal of maximizing the education of each child.