The main divisions of philosophy are outlined and discussed. Axiology: the study of value; the investigation of its nature, criteria, and metaphysical status. . Specifically, ontology seeks to indentify and establish the relationships between the. students within top ten of honours merit list of Education, Sanskrit, English and Public Administration,. Accounting and Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology & Axiology. 1. 2. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY AND EDUCATION. Philosophy helps teachers to reflect on key issues and concepts in education, usually Learning about the branches of philosophy, philosophical world views, and Epistemology: What is the nature of knowledge? Axiology: What values should one live by? –How would an anthropologist look at this classroom?.
Therefore, as we discuss epistemology, we are essentially discussing education. In essence—to condense a science into a sentence—what epistemology teaches man is: If you follow this method, with all of its implications, your conclusions have been validated and you are entitled to claim them as true 11 1. An individual or society confronts a problem. The specific method the pragmatist advocates for interacting with the environment is the scientific method, which can be regarded as a five-step process: A diagnosis or definition of the problem is made.
An inventory of possible solutions to the problem is constructed.
The individual or society conjectures the consequences of the possible solutions. The consequences are tested. Dewey advocated using the scientific method in all aspects of life. He saw it as the perfect paradigm of thought. Axiology asks the questions: What is a value? Where do values come from?
It asks questions like, What is real? What is the origin of the world? What is beyond the stars? Your consideration of reality as an external creation or an internal construct can influence your metaphysical beliefs and perspectives and your teaching. Regardless of your definition of reality, the exploration and categorization of the physical universe form the foundation of several school subjects.
Epistemology Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that considers how people come to learn what they know. Derived from the Greek word episteme, meaning knowledge or understanding, epistemology refers to the nature and origin of knowledge and truth.
Epistemology proposes that there are four main bases of knowledge: These influence how teaching, learning, and understanding come about in the classroom. Axiology Axiology is the branch of philosophy that considers the study of principles and values. These values are divided into two main kinds: All men share the same human nature and this nature is constant.
EDUCATIONAL THOUGHTS: PHILOSOPHY
It does not change. Since all men have the same nature, all men have the same natural powers. By virtue is meant the perfection of a natural power and since all men have the same natural powers, the virtues are the same for all men. Since the aim of education is the formation of the intellectual virtues and since these virtues are the same for all men, the aim of education is also the same for all men.
Relationship between man and nature is another dimension of metaphysics.
What You Need to Know as an Educator: Understanding the 4 Main Branches of Philosophy
This wisdom is nothing but theoretical and practical knowledge related to problems of life and universe, which is derived out of systematic, critical and reflective thinking.
The three important foundations of education are ontological related to reality epistemic related to knowledge and axiological related to values of which epistemic is the most fundamental one. It is only knowledge that reveals reality and facilitates values realization. Philosophy began with metaphysical questions and the answers for metaphysical questions lead to epistemology.PHILOSOPHY - Epistemology: Introduction to Theory of Knowledge [HD]
The term epistemology has derived from two Greek words episteme — means knowledge and logos — means study, science or discussion. It is the conditions under which knowledge takes place.
One of the important tasks of philosophy is to study the nature and phenomenology of our knowledge and to formulate the norms and criteria of its validity and truth.
Thus in philosophy we study, the meaning of knowledge, how it is generated, its nature and how it is validated.
This in essence, is the scope of epistemology, as a branch of philosophy. In epistemology, we study different philosophical perspectives held about meaning, origin, source and nature of knowledge and theories of truth.
The important areas in epistemology are falsehood, validity, truth, limits, nature, etc of knowledge, knower and known of knowledge etc. All education ultimately culminates in the realization of values or ideals expressed in the educational objectives. The study of epistemology helps in answering the following questions in a fruitful manner.
What are the goals of education? What should be content of education or curriculum? How is the content justified and validated? What are the approaches in transacting the content material and to realize the goals of education?
What are the values that need to be acquired? What is their nature and sources? How can they be acquired?. Fundamental to the realization of educational objectives is imparting and acquisition of knowledge, prior to this process requires one to have an insight into the nature of knowledge in its different forms and structure, the sources of knowledge and the validation of knowledge itself. The study of epistemology helps in eliminating non-essential things and including essentials of curriculum content, which includes different forms of knowledge, fixing the priorities for transmitting them.
Epistemology is directly related with knowledge, its sources, nature, validity, scope, origin etc. According to the opinion of some philosophers knowledge means knowing the external world and it is an act of awareness — a cognitive act involving perception.
There was no knowledge before the existence of man, and there will be no knowledge after him. These are the views of some philosophers on epistemology. It is generally accepted that knowledge is power, which things are done and known. Sources of Knowledge There are two views or perspectives in the ways of knowing or sources of knowledge —the western perspective and the Indian perspective. Here the knowledge is acquired through the sense experience- through the proper use of five senses.
It is seeing, hearing, touching, smelling and tasting. Through sense experience we can know that physical things and their knowledge exist and what their characteristics are. Adequate sense experience will enable an individual to have awareness about the external things and their experience.
There are also internal senses, which help us to acquaint ourselves with our own internal states like feelings, pains, pleasures, attitudes etc. Sense experiences — external and internal- enables individuals to get correct and first hand experiences about the world and surroundings. On the basis of a set of statements or premises we infer a statement called conclusion of the arrangement. We infer unobservable on the basis of observable. Here we employ reasoning as a source of knowledge.
Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology (AdiBunt)
Reasoning can be inductive, deductive or both. Reasoning helps in knowing something not known earlier by any amount of sense experience. Reasoning is what we do, but reason is an ability to think. Reason is prerequisite of all knowledge. We come to know of things from some other source, a person or a book written by somebody whom we take for granted without checking the truth of the statements made by him.
The authority here is depends on the authenticity of the statement. It may be impossible to check the truth of statements we read or hear within our life span. However, certain precautions are to be observed- a the person whose word is taken on authority must really be an authority, a specialist in the field of knowledge. Authority cannot be the primary source of knowledge. Because, it is ultimately sense experience and reason that justify the truth of the statement. Intuition cannot be clearly defined.
But it is the ability to perceive or know things without conscious reasoning. It is certain kind of experience —an immediate understanding- that cannot be described. People claim to know by intuition that a proposition is true.
They know the solution to a problem by intuition but cannot give out the steps of problem solving. Its validity is low. It is communication, by a divinity or by divine agency, of divine truth or knowledge. It is a sort of vision and its validity also is low. The revelation of St. It is an unquestioning belief, complete trust, confidence, or reliance in God, religious tenets, or in knowledge that does not require proof or evidence.
I believe it because I have faith in it. Thus, sense experience and reason are the primary sources of knowledge. There are six ways suggested by different Indian philosophies and philosophers, although not all them agree to all the six ways of knowing. They are as follows: They different sense organs have corresponding substances with which they can associate. Mind establishes the link between the sense organs and the object of perception.