Israel profile - Timeline - BBC News
The long read: Israel sees the international boycott campaign as an he does not shy from discussing the Jewish connection to this land: “I can deny it the Palestinian boycott had cost Israel $m ($bn today) during the. Here's what I found out when I spent the day with Israel's most controversial journalist, Gideon Levy His love-hate relationship with the one can get mixed up with his horror of the path down which his country is now travelling. Israel's parliament has passed a controversial bill defining the country as the Israelis Have A Love-Hate Relationship With Jerusalem by The Associated Press following the vote: "Today, I will have to tell my children, along.
In the past, such criticism came from interested parties and hence was of little consequence. In earlyIsrael was accused of illegally transferring Patriot anti-missile technology to China.
Bush administration sent a member inspection team to verify the allegation. Though the team was unable to substantiate the allegation, the damage was substantial. Writing weeks after Sino-Israeli normalization, A. Rosenthal, a noted American columnist and a hard-line supporter of Israel, candidly warned: But no major Israeli leader, in government or opposition, has publicly raised an objection or launched a debate.
If the United States was silent untilAmerican analysts did not hide their outrage over the proposed sale. The following list of American reports should have given sufficient indication that things were not normal: Funds and Circumventing of U.
Senate February 28, ; China: Of these, Defense Industrial Security: It lists economic espionage effects by the allies of the United States. Classified military information and sensitive military technologies are high-priority targets for the intelligence agencies of this country. Country A seeks this information for three reasons: On May 25,the U.
The Report of the Select Committee on U. Not only were these clear signals ignored, but until the very end, Israel continued to function in a business-as-usual fashion. The Cox Report, which accused China of illegally obtaining sensitive nuclear and missile technology and designs from the United States, did not result in any reevaluation of Sino-Israeli military ties.
Surprisingly, even the post-Phalcon debates in Israel were also silent on the Cox Report, thereby underscoring a strategic blindness toward post-Cold War American foreign policy. China was to buy four, and perhaps as many as eight, Phalcons. Negotiations on the Phalcon appeared to have begun aroundwhen Yitzhak Rabin was prime minister. On a state visit to Moscow in MarchNetanyahu managed to convince the Russians to join the deal.
In JulyPrime Minister Barak announced the cancellation of the deal, and a formal compensation package was concluded in March by Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. In short, since Rabin, all Israeli prime ministers were deeply involved in the deal. Each in his own unique way sought to promote the deal or was advised to promote it.Trump's relations with Israel and the American Jewish community
Hence, all had a share in the fiasco. According to Israeli accounts, from the very beginning the United States was kept in the picture.
The deal soon became the root of U. This soon attracted widespread attention and support, even from traditionally pro-Israeli circles. The visit of a Congressional delegation and U. Defense Secretary William Cohen to Israel in early underscored the magnitude of the problems facing U. Similarly, controversies surrounding the ill-fated and aborted Lavi combat aircraft were not properly understood. The general arguments can be summarized as follows: On the contrary, a strong and confident China would be less belligerent and more accommodating in the peaceful resolution of the dispute.
Moreover, in the past, Israel often sought to emphasize the non-American nature of its arms exports to China. Israeli response to the American dictates also exhibited a lack of understanding of American determination. Efforts were made to link Israeli cancellations to American compensation to Israel or the ongoing peace process. The narrow group of Israelis involved in negotiating this deal should have heeded the warning signs from the United States, but they did not.
Since the mids, the Soviet bloc provided strong ideological support for the radicalization of the Palestinian question and in the process legitimized the arms struggle. The internationalization of the Palestinian cause was partly a result of the ideological support it enjoyed from the Soviet Union and its allies. It also appreciated the need to reorient its importance to the United States in the new world free from the Cold War.
Having projected itself as a bulwark against Communist expansion in the region, Israel was forced to redefine its relevance. The American desire to seek the reorganization of the region and promote a U. At the same time, however, Israel was unable to appreciate the larger shift that was taking place in the world.
The end of the Cold War and resultant unipolar status brought about a radical shift in American policy toward a number of important countries and regions. The most significant modification involved China.
With no Soviet Union to be contained, Beijing not only lost its relevance to American strategic calculations but also emerged as a potential threat to the new American hegemony. For the United States, China was no longer an ally to be cultivated in containing the Soviet Union but a future threat to contend with. Even at the cost of being perceived by many as the client state, Israel has actively pursued a pro-U.
At one level, it enjoys considerable autonomy and unparalleled influence in Washington. At the same time, its diplomatic maneuvering is also circumscribed by the American factor. Thus, if in the past Israel pursued its arms exports to China even after the Tiananmen developmentsit was largely because of American indifference and perhaps even tacit compliance. Given the periodic U. The end of the Cold War changed this. One can argue over and even challenge the validity and rationale behind the new American preoccupation with the Chinese threat.
As a result, Israel was unable or unwilling to correctly assess some of the negative signals emanating from Washington in the early s over Sino-Israeli military ties. And that is the heart of the matter. Never, in the negotiations between us and the Palestinians, was there a Palestinian counterproposal.
Clinton has long blamed Arafat for the collapse of the summit. Mitchell to lead a fact-finding committee aiming to identify strategies for restoring the peace process.
Israel Passes Controversial Law Reserving National Self-Determination For Jews : NPR
The committee's findings were published in with the dismantlement of existing Israeli settlements and Palestinian crack down on militant activity being one strategy. The Clinton Parameters Following the failed summit Palestinian and Israeli negotiators continued to meet in small groups through August and September to try to bridge the gaps between their respective positions.
The United States prepared its own plan to resolve the outstanding issues. Clinton's presentation of the US proposals was delayed by the advent of the Second Intifada at the end of September. On Jerusalem the plan stated that, "the general principle is that Arab areas are Palestinian and that Jewish areas are Israeli. On refugees the plan suggested a number of proposals including financial compensation, the right of return to the Palestinian state, and Israeli acknowledgement of suffering caused to the Palestinians in Security proposals referred to a "non-militarized" Palestinian state, and an international force for border security.
Both sides accepted Clinton's plan    and it became the basis for the negotiations at the Taba Peace summit the following January. The proposition removed the "temporarily Israeli controlled" areas, and the Palestinian side accepted this as a basis for further negotiation.
Israel-China Relations And The Phalcon Controversy | Middle East Policy Council
With Israeli elections looming the talks ended without an agreement but the two sides issued a joint statement attesting to the progress they had made: Sharon's new government chose not to resume the high-level talks. This plan did not attempt to resolve difficult questions such as the fate of Jerusalem or Israeli settlements, but left that to be negotiated in later phases of the process.
The proposal never made it beyond the first phase, whose goals called for a halt to both Israeli settlement construction and Israeli—Palestinian violence. Neither goal has been achieved as of November The peace initiative is a proposed solution to the Arab—Israeli conflict as a whole, and the Israeli—Palestinian conflict in particular. It offered full normalization of relations with Israel, in exchange for the withdrawal of its forces from all the occupied territories, including the Golan Heightsto recognize "an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital" in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, as well as a "just solution" for the Palestinian refugees.