Shutter speed and aperture relationship chart

Shutter Speed Chart as a Photographer's Cheat Sheet - DIY Photography

shutter speed and aperture relationship chart

Below is a diagram that shows 3 apertures with their f/stop designations: we really need to know the relationship between the aperture and shutter speed. The goal of Shutter Speed Chart is to summarize and illustrate the different with the Aperture and ISO the Shutter Speed controls the exposure. This is a simple illustration of correlation between shutter speed values and. Learning even just the basics of photography takes a bit of work and one of the more complex ideas is the relationship between ISO, aperture.


Also, the smaller the aperture size, the wider your depth of field — a deeper portion of your photo will be in focus. For shallow depth of field photos, use a larger aperture size i. So, if you need to remember one thing, it is this: This is the sound that tells you that a photo has been captured.

shutter speed and aperture relationship chart

For photographers, though, what is more important is the shutter speed. This is the shutter mechanism that determines the length of time the sensor is exposed to light. In other words, while aperture controls how much light reaches your sensor, and shutter speed controls how long light reaches your sensor. The shutter speed is measured in fractions of a second, e.

If you need to remember one thing about shutter speed, it is that when the shutter speed number is a smaller fraction, the faster the shutter opens and closes.

Making sense of aperture, shutter speed and ISO with the exposure triangle - DIY Photography

If you want to control the shutter speed manually, go for Shutter Priority S or Tv on your camera or manual mode. When you are confident in using the shutter speed, you can play around with your photos and make them come out more creatively e. Of course, practice makes perfect. If any one of these elements is adjusted, the resulting image will not be the same.

shutter speed and aperture relationship chart

If you increase the f-stop to decrease the amount of light getting to the sensor, you will also need to adjust the shutter speed and the ISO; otherwise, your image might come out blurry or too bright; overexposed or underexposed. This is just a simple introduction to the three elements that make up the exposure triangle. It's all about balance: Which combination you choose is down to the look you want to achieve: Do you want moving objects to be razor-sharp or have motion blur?

That's a lot to think about If you choose to shoot in one of the semi-automatic modes, the camera does most of the donkey work for you.

Once you set an aperture in Aperture Priority mode, for example, the shutter speed will be set automatically. If you decide to change the aperture, the camera will adjust the shutter speed accordingly to maintain the same exposure.

It's a similar story with Shutter Priority mode: You can even use the Auto ISO option to let the camera handle that choice of sensitivity too. In Program mode, you can simply shift the combination of aperture and shutter speed with a spin of the camera's control dial. Of course, all of these adjustments rely on the camera having achieved the optimum exposure reading to begin with - and, as we learned last issue, this doesn't always happen. This is where exposure compensation plays a part.

Making sense of aperture, shutter speed and ISO with the exposure triangle

It's also measured in stops: You can usually increase or decrease the exposure by up to five stops. This concerns the actual Fortunately for us, figuring new shutter speed settings is simply multiplying or dividing - by 2. And fortunately for us, all cameras have automatic settings so that when we decide on a particular aperture, also called Aperture Priority, the camera chooses the correspondingly "correct" shutter speed.

And vice versa - for Shutter Priority, the camera then chooses the "correct" aperture. But there may come a time when we want to override the camera's automatic settings. Some point and shoots, most "bridge" or non-interchangeable lens cameras, and all the DSLRs interchangeable lens cameras have a Manual setting. This means that we choose both the aperture and the shutter speed.

So this is when we really need to know the relationship between the aperture and shutter speed. Below are two charts.