Relationship between Pip and Joe in The Great Expectations - SchoolWorkHelper
Great Expectations. How Does the Relationship Between Pip and Joe Change and Develop as the Novel Goes on? What Is Dickens Saying About Society at the . Show how Pip and Joe begin as the best of friends, how this relationship is affected by Pip's wealth, and. Even though Joe Gargery was more like a father figure to Pip, I don't recall anywhere in the book where it said that he was Pip's "adopted.
Firstly, the letter is split into two sections — the main letter and the post script. Where the main part of the letter is of a formal tone and a marked contrast to how Biddy would usually converse with Pip, the post script is much more informal, where Joe had deliberately made a last attempt to save their suffering relationship. It is ironic that this comes in the post script because it is almost like an after-thought. This change in tone between the two parts of the letter is also representative of the change in his lifestyle.
It makes the reader feel extremely uncomfortable when Pip is so judgemental of Joe. From the way he eats his food, the way he wipes his feet, to the way he talks Pip criticizes Joe. Furthermore, when Joe places his hat on the mantle-piece, and it keeps falling down, Pip gets extremely out of temper with Joe.
The hat, rather like the post-script of the letter, represents Joes final efforts to save their relationship — each time it falls he catches it and restores it to how it was. It is here that we can see that Pip knows he is being nasty towards Joe, yet chooses to do nothing about it. When Joe leaves, Dickens uses emotive language to portray the virtually non existent state of their relationship and play on the emotions of the reader: As a reader we start to question the character of Pip, with such questions as, what has Joe done to him to deserve such treatment?
And what has Miss Havisham done to gain his respect?
And of course is comes down to materialistic values because, needless to say, it is Miss. Havisham whom Pip suspects to be his benefactor.Great Expectations Featurette
Here, Pip rapidly looses much of any of the remaining respect the reader would have for him, because after all, Joe has given him much more than Miss.
Havisham or indeed his real benefactor ever has — in the form of friendship, protection and love.
When Pip develops a fever towards the end of the novel, he thinks he is hallucinating that Joe is there taking care of him, he thinks he is deluded and is seeing things; even though Joe is actually there. Evidently we see that Joe has learned to write; his efforts to write his own name are representational of his efforts to save their relationship, rather like with the hat and the letter, both of which he failed to succeed in — but his success in his writing proves that their relationship is convalescing.
The changes that Pip and Joe suffer, to themselves and indeed to their relationship are very much apparent from the beginning of the novel; the descriptive metaphors not only suggest complications but also because these are dark and brooding images which suggest a miserable and threatening future for them both.
For Charles Dickens, Pip is a functional character to communicate his views on society in the 19th century, and his views of the absurdity of the lack in change between the social classes. Repeatedly, convicts, the courts or reminders of Magwitch appear in scenes in which Estella is present. Magwitch is also contrasted with Miss Havisham. Pip supposes her to be his benefactress and hopes that she is since Estella may also be included in her design when in reality his money comes from Magwitch.
The connections among the characters begin before the start of the narrative. Compeyson, a "gentleman" in terms of social class befriends Miss Havisham's brother, Arthur, and later takes on Magwitch as his helper.
When the Havishams disinherit Arthur, Compeyson helps him be revenged - although married, he poses as a suitor, and jilts Miss Havisham on her wedding day. Soon after, he is arrested for his various frauds, along with Magwitch, whom he blames for allegedly leading him into crime. The reverse is the truth, but Compeyson is believed because of his smooth manners.
When Magwitch's common-law wife, Molly, kills a rival and is acquitted through the skill of her lawyer, Mr. Jaggers, she is persuaded to give up her child for adoption, as another client of his, Miss Havisham, wants to adopt a baby girl.
Magwitch, now convicted, is told that the child was born dead. At the start of the novel, Magwitch escapes from the hulks old warships used as prisons but finds that Compeyson has escaped, too. He lets himself be caught in order to return his enemy to prison. He threatens Pip, he does him no harm; when recaptured he saves Pip from trouble by admitting to the theft of some food from the forge.
As soon as he has any money to give, he sends it to Pip in the village - years later Pip overhears a convict on the roof of a coach tell how he delivered this money. Back to top For attempting escape, Magwitch is transported to Australia.
When he has served his time he can make a new life there, but if he returns to England, he faces the death sentence. In fact, this did not happen at the time in which the novel is set - the offence [returning from transport] was on the statute books untilbut the last hanging of a returned transport took place in The reader learns this later from Magwitch himself Chapter He farms sheep, lives cheaply and saves his money. When he has saved a fair amount he communicates with Mr.
Jaggers, who acts as his agent and becomes Pip's guardian and adviser. Pip assumes that Miss Havisham is the source of his wealth. Jaggers sees this but will not tell Pip the truth, as it helps him conceal Jaggers' real identity. In time, Magwitch returns, as he is desperate to see how his "boy" has done.
He likes what he sees and does not notice Pip's initial disgust. He rather admires Pip's snobbery. In England, Magwitch goes under the alias of Provis, posing as Pip's uncle - Jaggers insists that Pip does not tell him the truth, as to know this would make him, a lawyer, an accessory to Magwitch's crime of returning.
Pip gradually becomes fond of Magwitch, as he tries to smuggle him out of London. They are being watched by Compeyson who is terrified of Magwitch, and betrayed as they are about to board a steamer for Hamburg. In the struggle that follows Compeyson is drowned. Magwitch is found guilty of returning, and sentenced to death, but is dying anyway. Pip nurses him and comes to love him; before he dies, Pip tells Magwitch that his daughter is alive, a great lady and that he Pip loves her.
Anatomy of a Scene: Great Expectations, Pip and Joe’s Reunion
Magwitch is a criminal but he is led into crime by Compeyson. The snobbish Pip would rather his fortune came from Miss Havisham's unearned inheritance than Magwitch's hard work in Australia.
Dickens shows, in the character of Magwitch, how many so-called criminals are basically good people, how the crimes of a "gentleman" like Compeyson a swindler are far more harmful in their consequences, and how the legal system enables the rich to oppress the poor.
Summary of Great Expectations Read this if you need help; ignore it if you don't! This section contains an outline of the plot of Great Expectations. If you read the novel this may help you recall or revise its content. If you have not yet read the novel, this summary may spoil your pleasure by revealing what the author hides until the end - do not read it unless you are ready for this!
Great Expectations is written in three parts of nineteen or twenty chapters each 59 chapters in all. In the first part, the narrator and chief character Pip Philip Pirrip meets an escaped convict who terrifies him into stealing food and a file, to remove his leg iron.
Pip, an orphan lives in the Kent marshes with his bullying sister and her husband, Joe Gargery a gentle giant of a blacksmith. Pip takes food to the convict, but when he learns of another convict who has escaped, the first convict makes sure both are recaptured. We learn much later that the convict was transported to Australia. Later Pip is invited to the house of Miss Havisham, heiress to a brewery. She was jilted on her wedding day, but still wears her wedding dress, while the wedding feast has been left in her house.
She lives with her ward, Estella, whose background is a mystery, but who has been brought up as a member of high society, and taught by Miss Havisham to be cruel to men. Pip loves Estella and is ashamed at his common origin. Pip's sister hopes that Miss Havisham will favour Pip with some of her fortune, but when he is fourteen Pip learns that he is to be Joe's apprentice. Pip is unhappy at Joe's forge and asks for time off to visit Miss Havisham on her birthday.
Joe is attacked while Pip is out: A village girl, Biddy, becomes Mrs. Joe's nurse and housekeeper at the forge. Meanwhile Pip receives astonishing news from a lawyer, Mr. Back to top Pip thinks Miss Havisham is the source of his fortune. She allows him to think so. In London, Pip becomes a snob. He comes to know Estella better and becomes her closest friend.
She marries a wealthy but stupid man called Bentley Drummle. She aims to make Drummle miserable, but he is too brutal for this, and it is she who suffers more. In London, Pip befriends Herbert, with whom he shares rooms and whom he met years before at Miss Havisham's house. One day Pip receives a visit from the convict he met years before, Abel Magwitch, who has prospered in sheep farming but has returned illegally from Australia.
He is the source of Pip's Great Expectations. The last part of the novel is like a thriller. Pip tries to get Magwitch out of England. He discovers that a man called Compeyson led Magwitch into crime originally. Compeyson was also the friend of Miss Havisham's brother, disinherited by his parents for his way of life. When Magwitch and Compeyson were on trial for various crimes Compeyson claimed to have been led astray by Magwitch who received a much harsher sentence.
Familial Relationships in Great Expectations: The Search for Identity
Later, though, Compeyson was jailed, and it was him whom Magwitch stopped from escaping years before on the marshes. Compeyson betrays Magwitch to the authorities. He is caught boarding a steamer for Hamburg, but jumps into the Thames, taking with him Compeyson, who is drowned. Joe stands outside on the street while Finn stands above him on the staircase. The effect is a camera that elevates Finn and looks down on Joe: Joe is on the outside, looking in and Finn is perched liminally on the doorstep, on his way up.
His big, frizzy hair and ruddy cheeks contrast with the dark, languorous curls and pallid skin of Pip and Herbert. He all but flees, returning to his flat with Joe following on his heels. Once behind closed doors the viewer gets a better sense of why, in this version, Joe has come: Pip appears not so much unmoved as unwilling to be moved. The two actors are even physically set at odds. When Joe follows Pip from the club, he is all but chasing him.
Up until this point Joe seems to believe Pip has been careless: It is only when they discuss who would even read his letters that Joe realizes the truth.
When Joe suggests the petty, officious Pumblechook as the obvious candidate, Pip sneers that Pumblechook only wants to brag that he gave Pip his start in life. Because whether or not Pip should feel ashamed is immaterial; the fact of his pain is enough.