Editor's note: The full film is no longer available online. A half-century after their deaths, Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X remain two of the. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr. followed essentially different paths as . Considering what has been said so far, the following questions come to mind: Why did further if we are to understand the true nature of the relationship between. Martin Luther King, Jr. Questions and Answers - Discover the wagtailfarm.info community of teachers, In his speech, "Beyond Vietnam," King draws a connection between the struggle for liberty in Did Martin Luther King and Malcolm X agree?.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King
The specificity of the NOI left Malcolm unexposed and uninterested in the much broader subjects of black history and culture, and, more recently, the Civil Rights Movement. But after such a traumatic childhood, he enjoyed his place in the NOI, as it gave him a sense of belonging and purpose.
Martin, by contrast, not only attended university but also found much more positively inspiring role models than Elijah Muhammed to look up to as he joined the struggle for civil rights, in which Malcolm had a slight headstart. But Martin had other advantages in this inadvertent race, such as the fact that he was a Baptist leader, and Baptism was the most common religious affiliation of African-Americans at the time.
By the s, Malcolm had risen in the ranks of the NOI and become the most active advocate of its black supremacist knock-off of Islam. But by then Martin was the most popular leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the country.
And it was probably at this point, in the mids, that Malcolm and Martin first became aware of each other. Early Activism Their disagreements started off right then and there. Malcolm and the NOI were rejected, and from that point on Malcolm repeatedly tried to meet with Martin, and Martin repeatedly ignored him.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr. - iHistory
InMartin rejected two offers from Malcolm, the first to a debate-type event and the second to speak at a rally that Malcolm had organized in New York City. Nor could Martin continue to ignore his fiercest black critic, who was becoming increasingly popular among politically-active black youth.
In his youth, there was no hope, no preaching, teaching or movements of nonviolence… and yet he possessed a native intelligence and drive which demanded an outlet and means of expression. Malcolm] would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem. Only a few months later, in earlyMalcolm made his famous hajj, or Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah.
He returned a changed man — no longer a member of the NOI, no longer a black supremacist, and now truly a Muslim and more open to working together with Martin and other leaders he had previously criticized. An example of his initiative during this time can be seen in his impromptu meeting with Martin in Washington, D. I really did come thinking that I could make it easier. Martin was visibly disturbed by the news. While we did not always see eye to eye on methods to solve the race problem, I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had the great ability to put his finger on the existence and root of the problem.Andrew Young on Malcolm X and Dr. King
He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems that we face as a race. While I know that this is a difficult hour for you, I am sure that God will give you the strength to endure.
I will certainly be remembering you in my prayers and please know that you have my deepest sympathy. Always consider me a friend and if I can do anything to ease the heavy load that you are forced to carry at this time, please feel free to call on me.
Perhaps that was because I had just met him [at Selma], and perhaps it was because I had begun to understand him better. Martin and I had reassessed our feelings toward him. We realized that since he had been to Makkah and had broken with Elijah Muhammad, he was moving away from hatred toward internationalism and against exploitation. What a pity that this man who was so talented and such an articulate spokesman for black people should have to die just as he was reaching for something of real value.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr.
King once told the press that "the method of non-violent resistance is one of the most potent, if not the most potent weapons available to oppressed people and their struggle for freedom. That's why Malcolm emphasised self-defence.
But King emphasised non-violence because if blacks had responded, tried to defend themselves, that would have brought the police department down on those demonstrators and whites would have loved to have the chance to kill black people indiscriminately. So King and Malcolm had that tension," says Cone.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King | USA | Al Jazeera
Malcolm X regularly criticised King, accusing him of bowing to whites and subjugating blacks to the very culture that had historically denigrated and abused them. That's what you mean by non-violent: Be defenceless in the face of one of the most cruel beasts that has ever taken a people into captivity. That's just the American white man," Malcolm X said. TV was young in the United States and King intuitively understood how to use the medium to highlight a non-violent black protest movement against white racist aggression.
In Washington, King continued his political work with a group of senators sympathetic to his ideas.
After a hearing about the Civil Rights Act in Washington inthey finally met face to face. Each of us has a little bit of Martin and a little bit of Malcolm in us. Malcolm represents that blackness in us, that sense that we don't want white people messing with us.
Malcolm represents that fire, that fight that refuses to let anybody define who we are. King represents our desire to get along with everybody, including whites. Our desire to want to create a society for all people, defined by non-violence, love and care for all people in the society," says Cone.