Cleopatra - Wikipedia
What this the relationship between Julius Caesar and his adopted heir Augustus, known as Caesar Augustus or Octavian, was the Roman emperor Julius and Antony and his lady love Cleopatra both committed suicide. Augustus was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman .. Aware of his deteriorating relationship with Octavian, Antony left Cleopatra; he sailed to Italy in 40 BC with a large force to oppose Octavian. Ptolemy XI's ill-advised relationship with Rome caused him to be despised by many Caesar remained in Egypt to procure the throne for Cleopatra as Ptolemy's actions Emperor Augustus took absolute control of Egypt.
There he met Cleopatra, the woman who would set Roman nerves on edge for most of the next 20 years. Cleopatra was soon to become Queen of Egypt, the richest kingdom in the Mediterranean. With Caesar already notorious for his sexual energy, the two became lovers almost immediately.
Cleopatra followed, bringing along her young son Ptolemy XV Caesar, also called Caesarion, whom she claimed was the son of Julius Caesar.
Romans did not know what to make of her. They were horrified by having an Egyptian Queen in Rome, yet fascinated by the woman herself. By 44 BC, Caesar was dead and Rome had again sunk into civil war. By 42 BC, Augustus and his allies had gained the upper hand.
They divided the Roman Empire between them. Caesar was about 52 at the time. Cleopatra captivated him but it was probably not her youth and beauty. Caesar could have had bevies and bevies of beautiful young women.
Probably the audacity of Cleopatra's ploy amused him and it was a brilliant strategy. Had Cleopatra met Caesar through official state channels protocol would have interfered with her working her charms upon him. She was said to have a thousand ways of flattering.
A not unimportant factor in Cleopatra's attraction for Caesar was that she was rich, perhaps the richest woman in the world. Or, at least she would be once back in power in Egypt. Caesar was chronically and often disastrously in debt. Ptolemy XIII dies of drowning while trying to escape the field of battle.
Caesar returns to Rome. Cleopatra gives birth to Caesar's child, a boy who is named Ptolemy Caesar and called Caesarion. In Rome, Caesar holds a triumphal celebration of his victories.
What if Cleopatra and Octavian Had Been Friends? | Ancient Origins
These celebrations whenever ever possible included the parading of the defeated enemies. Cleopatra's younger sister, Arsenoe, was paraded in Caesar's triumphal celebration.
Cleopatra joins Caesar in Rome. Caesar orders that a gold-plated statue of Cleopatra be placed in the temple of Venus Genetrix. Caesar's clan, the Julians, were supposedly descended from Venus. Although Pompey had been defeated and was killed in Egypt the civil war did not end.
Pompey's two sons had gained control of Cordoba in Spain and were preparing to continue the conflict.
Caesar took an army to Spain to deal with this threat. After a series of retreats the Pompeys decided to do battle at Munda from some high ground. Caesar lured the Pompeys' forces down from the high ground. The battle was indecisive until a shift in troops by one of the Pompeys was misinterpreted as a retreat and their other troops began to retreat.
This led to a decisive victory by Caesar's forces. Caesar had achieved total victory over the armies of his rivals, he had been made dictator politically. His enemies in the Roman senate saw Caesar as acquiring all powers, even to the point of having himself declared a god.
They arranged his assassination in which some of previous friends participated as well as his enemies. A month after Caesar's assassination Cleopatra left Rome and returned to Egypt. She wanted to make her son, Caesarion, co-regent with her as Ptolemy XV.
Caesar's enemies are defeated at the Battle of Philippi. Marcus Antonius Mark Antony emerges as the leader of the forces which backed Caesar. Mark Antony decides for no obvious reason to attack the Parthian Persian Empire.History Summarized: Augustus Versus Antony
He calls for Cleopatra to join him at Tarsus. Mark Antony needed Cleopatra's support financially and militarily for his invasion. He had met Cleopatra 13 years before when she was 14 years old. That had been an inconsequential meeting. Their meeting a Tarsus was anything but inconsequential.
The Timeline of the Life of Cleopatra
Cleopatra having lost the protection of the strongman Caesar needed another Roman leader to protect her. Mark Antony was so captivated by Cleopatra that he gave up his plans for the invasion of the Parthian Empire and went with Cleopatra back to her capital of Alexandria. From the likenesses of Cleopatra on the coins of her realm she was not a great beauty so her attraction came from the charm of her personality and from her intellect. At Cleopatra's request Antony sent orders for the execution of Cleopatra's younger sister, Arsinoe, in Rome.
Arsinoe was possible rival for the throne of Egypt.
Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies. However, the sources agree that enacting the proscriptions was a means by all three factions to eliminate political enemies.
For example, Octavian allowed the proscription of his ally Cicero, Antony the proscription of his maternal uncle Lucius Julius Caesar the consul of 64 BCand Lepidus his brother Paullus. Octavian was able to further his cause by emphasizing the fact that he was Divi filius"Son of the Divine". Mark Antony later used the examples of these battles as a means to belittle Octavian, as both battles were decisively won with the use of Antony's forces. Gaul and the province of Hispania were placed in the hands of Octavian.
What if Cleopatra and Octavian Had Been Friends?
Lepidus was left with the province of Africastymied by Antony, who conceded Hispania to Octavian instead. The tens of thousands who had fought on the republican side with Brutus and Cassius could easily ally with a political opponent of Octavian if not appeased, and they also required land. Octavian chose the former. He returned Clodia to her mother, claiming that their marriage had never been consummated. Fulvia decided to take action. Together with Lucius Antonius, she raised an army in Italy to fight for Antony's rights against Octavian.
Lucius and Fulvia took a political and martial gamble in opposing Octavian, however, since the Roman army still depended on the triumvirs for their salaries. Lucius and his army were spared, due to his kinship with Antony, the strongman of the East, while Fulvia was exiled to Sicyon. This new conflict proved untenable for both Octavian and Antony, however.
Their centurions, who had become important figures politically, refused to fight due to their Caesarian cause, while the legions under their command followed suit.